Welcome to University of Traditional Medicine(UTM), Mandalay .This web site is launched on 11.11.2019.( ၁၃၈၁ တန်ဆောင်မုန်း လပြည့်နေ့ တွင်လွှင့်တင်သည်။)

Department of Physical Medicine

 

 

  1. Former Heads
  2. Academic Staff
  3. Objectives
  4. Courses
  5. Teaching Activities
  6. Monthly and Future Plan
  7. Online Lecture Course
   
 
 

Professor Maung Maung Thet

Emeritus Professor

   
 
 

Daw Khin Myo Myint

Associate Professor

  
  
 
 

Daw Khin Myo Myint

Associate Professor

B.M.T.M, B.Sc (Q) (Physics), Dip.T.Med

   
 
 

U Win Naing

Lecturer

Dip.T.Med, B.Sc(Maths),Dip in English, B.M.T.M

   
 
 

Daw Naing Kee Myu Mang

Assistant Lecturer

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, Dip in English

   
 
 

Daw Su Mon Khaing

Assistant Lecturer

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, B.A(English)

   
 
 

Daw Wint Theingi

Assistant Lecturer

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, PGDE

   
 
 

Daw San San Htwe

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, PGDE, Dip it HRD

   
 
 

Daw Hnin Yu Maw Htwe

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M

   
 
 

Daw Phyo Thinzar

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, UFL(PGDE)English

   
 
 

Daw Chaw Nandar Khaing

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M

   
 
 

Daw Khaing Zin Oo

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, (PGDE)English

   
 
 

Daw San Thidar Moe

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M

   
 
 

Daw Than Than Htwe

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, (PGDE)English

   
 
 

Daw May Zin Aung

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M

   
 
 

Daw Khin Nyein Chan Su

Tutor

M.M.T.M, B.M.T.M, PGDE

   
 
 

Daw Zin Mar Phyo

Upper Division Clerk

B.A(History)

Departmental Objectives
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
Knowledge
1. employ the concept and principles of panchakarma therapy in patients care.
2. analyze and choose the regional pressure points and specific pressure points to provide massotherapy for various disorders.
3. acquire a sound knowledge of concepts and principles of fractures and traumatology by the perspectives of traditional medicine as well as modern medicine.
4. recognize trauma and fracture cases requiring referral and use referral system effectively.
5. acquire a sound knowledge of basic concept and principle of TCM and apply this knowledge in acupuncture therapy.

Skill
1. perform common clinical procedures of massotherapy or panchakarma therapy essential to diagnosis and treatment in patient care.
2. select pressure points and perform procedure skillfully related to physical examination and therapeutic intervention for massotherapy.
3. perform therapeutic procedures of Massotherapy as well as panchakarma therapy for the management of nerve, muscle, bone, joint and miscellaneous diseases and collaborate with other therapeutic procedures.
4. perform diagnostic and therapeutic approach to trauma and fracture cases and provide appropriate therapeutic intervention.
5. perform clinical examination and diagnosis by TCM method in providing acupuncture therapy
6. select appropriate acupuncture points for nerve, muscle, bone, joint and miscellaneous diseases and provide acupuncture therapy

Attitude
1. display self - reliance, self - learning and interested in research related to physical medicine and acupuncture therapy
2. acquire the attitude of continuous learning in physical therapy (TM) of the other related countries.
3. display to collaborate with other medical professionals and be able to do knowledge sharing.

Department of Physical Medicine

 

COURSE AND DURATION

For 3rd B.M.T.M: 12 months course including teaching duration, final assessment and supplementary examination.

CURRICULUM COMPONENTS AND ORGANIZATION
For 3rd B.M.T.M

Massotherapy

100 hours

Panchakarma therapy

  90 hours

Fracture and Traumatology

  90 hours

Acupuncture therapy

100 hours

Total

380 hours (not include test weeks)

Total weeks

 40 weeks

Final Exam and Supple

   2 weeks

Revision and Private Study

   6 weeks

Teaching weeks - 212 hrs
Class Tests - 33 hrs
Integrated teaching (Practice) - 135 hrs
Total System Teaching = 380 hrs

Prepared Core Curriculum for 3rd B.M.T.M
MASSOTHERAPY
PROGRAMME STRUCTURE
MASSOTHERAPY
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Describe the historical aspect of Myanmar Massotherapy.
2. Realize reflection of historical aspects and present situation of therapeutic massage in health care.
3. Realize and respect the ethical principles of massotherapist.
4. Acquire a sound knowledge of basic principles and therapeutic effects of massotherapy and apply this knowledge to patient care.
5. Describe anatomical aspect and surface marking of the head and neck region, upper limb region, thoracic, abdominal, upper back, lower back and lower limbs region and apply this knowledge to locate the pressure points.
6. Deduce anatomical knowledge to provide therapeutic massage for head and neck region and upper limb region, thoracic, abdominal, upper back, lower back and lower limbs region and apply this knowledge to locate the pressure points.
7. Describe location of pressure points which is used to manipulate blood circulation, muscles and nerves.
8. Perform preparation of patient for manipulating method of the blood circulation, muscles and nerves.
9. Perform pre and post therapeutic procedures for manipulating the blood circulation, muscles and nerves.
10. Operate manipulating method for blood circulation, muscles and nerves.
11. Observe the patient’s condition in providing manipulating method of the blood circulation, muscles and nerves.


OBJECTIVES OF PANCHAKARMA THERAPY
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Describe the historical aspect, classification and definition of Panchakarma Therapy
2. Acquire a sound knowledge of therapeutic effects of Panchakarma therapy and apply this knowledge to patient care.
3. Recognize definition of Dipana-pacana chikitsa, decide to prescribe Dipana dravya and Pacana dravya according to indication and contraindication as mentioned in literature based on digestive capacity of the patients and provide appropriate post therapeutic regimen after Dipana-pachana chikitsa.
4. Recognize definition and different types of Snehana Karma and Swedana karma and decide to prescribe based on signs and symptoms of the patients and perform therapeutic procedures.
5. Assess and decide symptoms after providing therapeutic procedures.
6. Define Vamana karma, Virechana karma and Nasya karma and various types of Karmas to choose appropriate types according to signs, symptoms and condition of the patients.
7. Prescribe Vamana karma, Virechana karma and Nasya karma according to mentioned indications and contraindications.
8. Define required materials and drugs to perform therapeutic procedure of Karmas.
9. Assess and decide the symptoms of proper effects, inadequate effects and excessive effects of karmas by observing the symptoms as mentioned in literature.
10. Perform appropriate post therapeutic procedure for Karmas.


OBJECTIVES OF THE FRACTURE AND TRAUMATOLOGY (TM)
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Describe the principles and concepts of traditional medicine related to Bhagna (fractures) and Abhigata (trauma).
2. Apply concepts of Nidana for Bhagna in the management of orthopedic conditions.
3. Deduce the knowledge of Adhika sevana of Bhagna and healing process of Bhagna to manage fracture cases.
4. Observe and analyze general signs and symptoms of Bhagna to diagnose fracture cases.
5. Describe types of Bhagna and apply this knowledge to manage fracture cases.
6. Perform clinical examination of the skeletal system, muscular system, myeloid system and nervous system
7. Describe anatomical structure of temporomandibular joint, shoulder joint, wrist joint, metacarpal bones, forearm, olecranon, humerus, clavical and ribs and apply this knowledge to perform reduction in dislocation of temporomandibular joint.
8. Describe mechanisms of injury and apply this knowledge to decide the severity of the trauma.
9. Recognize the clinical features of dislocation of the joints to diagnose the patient.
10. Perform examination of joints and decide appropriate treatment regimen.
11. Observe and analyze complicated signs and conditions requiring referral system and use the referral system effectively.

Unit

Content

Teaching Method

Teaching Learning Media

Time Allotment

1

Principles of Traditional Medicine in Bhagna and Abhigata

L= 5hr

T=1 hrs

 

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

6 hrs

2

Pariksa Karmas (Methods of Examination)

 

L= 6 hrs

T= 1 hr

P= 3 hrs

 

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

10 hrs

3

Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint

L= 5 hrs

T= 1 hr

P= 2 hrs

 

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

4

Dislocation of the shoulder joint (anterior & posterior)

 

L= 5 hrs

T=  1 hrs

P= 4 hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

10 hrs

5

Fracture of the wrist joint

 

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

 

8 hrs

6

Fracture of Metacarpal bones

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

7

Fracture of the forearm

(Colles’ Fracture, Smith’s Fracture, Barton’s Fracture)

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

8

Fracture of the olecranon

 

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

9

Fracture of the humerus

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

10

Fracture of the clavicle

 

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

11

Fracture of the ribs

 

L=4hrs

T=1hr

P=3hrs

White board, power point presentation with LCD Projector, anatomical chart, skeleton bone, human subject

8 hrs

OBJECTIVES OF ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Acquire a sound knowledge of basic concepts and principles of acupuncture and apply this knowledge to provide patient care.
2. Describe basic principle and concept of Yin-Yang, to provide accurate diagnosis for various diseases according to their functions on the body
3. Describe basic principle and concept of Five Elements and the relations between five elements and their representatives, internal organs and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases
4. Identify Zang organs, Fu organs, extraordinary organs and their physiological activities to find out accurate diagnosis method for various diseases by TCM concept
5. Describe nomenclature, classification and functions of channels and collaterals
6. Describe basic principle, concept and physiological and pathological functions of Qi, Blood and Body fluid in TCM
7. Describe basic principles and concepts of pathogenic factors in TCM to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases
8. Realize methods of diagnosis by TCM and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases and perform systematically
9. Describe differentiation of Syndromes according to eight principles theory, Zang-fu theory, channels and collaterals
10. Describe distribution of 14 channels on the body surface according to Yin- Yang and body parts (extremities, Trunk, Head, Face and Neck region)
11. Describe methods of locating points and their measurement on the body surface and perform accurate measurement according to anatomical landmarks, proportional measurement and finger measurement and therapeutic properties to treat various diseases
12. Describe distribution of Lung, Large intestine, stomach and spleen channel on the body surface and apply this knowledge to locate acupuncture points of lung channel
13. Realize the therapeutic effects of acupuncture points based on channel distribution of channels
14. Describe name, point number, indications, needling method and regional anatomy of acupuncture points of channels and apply this knowledge to select appropriate acupuncture points for various diseases


ASSESSMENT
Class work = 30%
Written test = 40%
a. MCQs 20 stems 20 marks
b. MSQs 4 topics 20 marks
c. Essay 6 question 60 marks
Total 100 marks

Final Assessment

 

 

 

(1)   Theory

a.      Paper I 

Massotherapy + PanchakarmaTherapy +

 Fracture and Traumatology)                                   100 marks

b.      Paper II                   Acupuncture therapy               100 marks

Time allowed for each is 3 hours.

Each paper consists of 

 

                                     MCQ 

20 stems 

 

 

                                                             MSQ

  4 topics

 

 

                                      Essay

  6 questions             

 


Viva Voce and Practical - 30% (15 Questions)
Total 100 marks

Criteria for Pass / Fail / Moderation
Performance in Class Work 30%
Performance in Final Assessment 70% (Theory – 40%+Practical and Viva voce – 30%)
Total = 100%
Pass Marks 50%
Fail Marks Less than 46%
Moderation Marks 46%

Criteria for Credit / Distinction

65% in all three subjects will pass with credit.

75% and above in all areas (class works + theory + practical) will appear in grand viva for distinction.

Criteria for Re-assessment
Supplementary examination will be conducted after six weeks of publication of result of final exam.
F System : 3 F System

PRESCRIBED TEXT BOOKS (latest edition)
1. Massotherapy.
2. Panchakarma Therapy
3. Fracture and Traumatology (TM)
4. Acupuncture Therapy

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာဦးစီးဌာန တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာ မွမ်းမံသင်တန်း သင်ရိုးမှတ်စု၊ အကြောပြင်နည်းသျည်း၊ မွမ်းမံ-၆ (၁၉၇၈)
2. အရှင်နာဂသေနဘိဝိသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်အတတ်ပညာကျမ်း၊ ကျော်ဝင်းဆွေ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်
3. ကျော်နိုင်(ဦး)၊ မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်အတတ်ပညာကျမ်း
4. A uinash lele, secrets of Marma, The lost secrets of Ayurveda, 2005.
5. Shiatsu Therapy
6. ဒေါက်တာမောင်မောင်ညိုနှင့်နန်းဉမ္မာ - ခန္ဓာဗေဒလမ်းညွှန်။
7. ဦးလေခင်နှင့်ဗမာရှေ့ဆောင်စာတည်းအဖွဲ့ - ခန္ဓာဗေဒကျမ်းနှင့်လူတိုင်းအတွက် ကျန်းမာရေးလမ်းညွှန်၊ ပကြိမ်၊ ၁၉၆၇-ခု၊ မေလ၊ ဗမာရှေ့ဆောင်ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်။
8. ဦးအုန်းရွှေ- သင်ရိုးညွှန်းတမ်းလက်တွေ့ကုထုံးအဖွင့်ကျမ်းကြီး
9. ဦးအုန်းရွှေ - လက်တွေ့အနာပေါက်ကုထုံးကျမ်း။
10. အရှင်နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ- ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ဒု-တွဲ၊ ပ-ကြိမ်၊ စက်တင်ဘာလ၊ ၁၉၆၇-ခု၊ မင်္ဂလာပုံနှိပ်တိုက်။
11. ဦးဉာဏ်ထွန်း- မြန်မာ့တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာနှင့်ကိုယ်တွေ့နှလုံးရောဂါကုထုံးကျမ်း။
12. ဆရာမင်း - အာယုဗ္ဗေဒသိရောမဏိ။
13. အရှင်နာဂသိန် - မာဓဝနိဒါန်းကျမ်း။
14. ဒေါက်တာဦးမောင်ဦး - ခွဲစိတ်သူနာပြုလက်စွဲ၊ ဒုတိယတွဲ။
15. ဒေါက်ထွေး (ဆေး-မန်း) - အထွေထွေရောဂါကုနှင့် အရိုးဆစ်ရောဂါ၊ အထူးကုသမားတော်ကြီး ဒေါက်တာချစ်စိုးနှင့်တွေ့ဆုံခြင်း။
16. Kathllen and J.W.Wilson-Anatomy and physiology in Health and Illness
17. R Kamagasuntheram -Anatomy
18. R Sivaradasingham -Rigional, Function and Clinical
19. A Krishramutri -Body Atlas
20. MACLEOD'S -Clinical Examination
21. Chris Servant and Shaun Purkiss-Examination Schemes in Gerneral Surgery and Othopaedic.
22. John Cook Balu Sankaran- Surgery at the distric hospital. Obsterics, Gynaecology, Orthopredic on Traumatology
23. R.L Huckstep - A Simple Guide to Trauma
24. Clayton R. Perry, John A.Elstrom - Handbook of Fractures
25. Baily and Love's - Shart practice of Sugery (Vol-1)
26. A Grahm Apley B.B, B.S, F.R.C.S - A System of Orthopaedics and Fractures
27. Sir Reginal Waston-Jones - Fractures and Injuries (Vol-2)
28. I.E.Ziev - Aids the Orthopaedics Surgery
29. တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာဦးစီးဌာန၊ တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာ မွမ်းမံသင်တန်း သင်ရိုးမှတ်စု အကြောပြင်နည်း နိသျည်း၊ မွမ်းမံ-၆ (၁၉၇၈)
30. နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိင်္ဂဓရသံဟိတာဆေးကျမ်း၊ အမျိုးသားပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၃-ခု၊ ဇူလိုင်လ။
31. နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ပထမတွဲ၊ မင်္ဂလာ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၉-ခု၊ မတ်လ၊ ဒုတိယအကြိမ်ရိုက်နှိပ်ခြင်း။
32. နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ဒုတိယတွဲ၊ မင်္ဂလာ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၉-ခု၊ စက်တင်ဘာလ၊ ဒုတိယအကြိမ်ရိုက်နှိပ်ခြင်း။
33. မင်း(ဆရာ)၊ အာယုဗ္ဗေဒ သိရောမဏိကျမ်း၊ ပြည်သူ့အလင်းပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်မြို့၊ ၁၃၁၈-ခုနှစ်။
34. BHAGWAN DASH, VAIDYA, FIVE SPECIALISED THERAPIES OF AYURVEDA INDIA, NEW DELHI, (1992): First edition.
35. DEVARAI, TL.(Dr): THE PANCHAKARMA TREATMENT OF AYURVEDA. DELHI, (1998): Third edition.
36. KASTURE, VAIDYA, H.S.RPACTICAL PANCHAKARMA GUIDE.INDIA, NEW DELHI, (January 2001): Second edition.
37. RHYNER.HANS.H, AYURVEDA THE GENTILE HEALTH SYSTEM. INDIA, (1992).
38. SINGH, R.H (Prof): PANCA KARMA THERAPY. INDIA, (1992): first edition.
39. VIDYANATH.R, (Dr): PANCHAKARMA. INDIA, (16.9.2000).
40. A Manual of ACUPUNCTURE Peter Deadman & Mazin AL.Khafaji with Kevin Baker.
41. ESSENTIALS OF CHINESE ACUPUNCTURE; First Edition 1980, Second Edition 1993.

Year Plan
2019. Jan, Feb, Mar - Massotherpay, Panchakarma Therapy, Fracture and Traumatolody (TM) and Acupuncture Therapy
Class Test1 - Last week of March
Mid Term - Last week of June
Class Test 2-Last week of October
1st week of November - Private study
2019. – November 1st week onwards – Final Exam

Undergraduate
Fourth Year BMTM
Department of Physical Medicine

Paper 1 = Massotherapy+Fracture and traumatology+Panchakarma Therapy
Paper 2 = Acupuncture
Assessment in Fourth Year Course
Formative Assessment (30%)
In formative assessment, the following course work will be included;
- Submission of practical record book
- Tutorial
- Test one and Test two
Summative Assessment (70%)
As summative assessment, an examination will be held at the end of academic year by the internal examiner from the University of Traditional Medicine
Theory paper will consist of three subjects such as:
Paper 1 Massotherapy - 35%
Panchakarma therapy - 35%
Fracture and traumatology (TM) - 30%
Paper 2 Acupuncture - 100%
In summative assessment will be made as, Theory paper will consist of
(a) 20 MCQs (only one correct answer type)
(b) 5 MSQs
(c) Essay type questions

Formative Assessment   - 30%
Summative Assessment - 70%

- Theory paper - 40 %
- Practical        - 30%
----------------------
100%
Distinction - 75 Marks
Pass          - 50 Marks
Fill            - 3F system

4th Year B.M.T.M
Paper 1

(1) Massotherapy

SN

Content

Method

Media

Time Allotment

L

T

P

Total

1.

Massage techniques for miscellaneous disease stated in ancient verse

Lecture Practice

Black board, LCD projector, Massage couch, anatomical chart, human subject

3

1

2

6

2.

Massotherapy for parts of the body stated in ancient massage poetry

Lecture

Practice

/

3

1

2

6

3

Ardita (Facial Paralysis)

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

4

Pakshagata (Hemiplegia)

 

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

5

Kati Shula (Low back pain)

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

6

Gridhrasi (Sciatica)

 

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

7

Amsa shula (Shoulder pain)

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

8

Griva shula (Neck pain)

 

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

9

Janu shula (Knee pain)

 

Lecture

Practice

/

5

1

4

10

10

Miscellaneous diseases providing by Massotherapy

Lecture

Practice

/

10

1

7

18

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

100


(2) Fracture and Traumatology

SN

Chapter One

Method

Media

Time Allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

1

 

Fracture of lumbar vertebra

 

 

Lecture, Practical

White board,

LCD projector

6

1

4

11

2.

Chapter Two

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Knee pain due to Osteroarthritis

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

4

1

4

10

3.

Chapter Three

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Dislocation of the patella

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

5

1

4

10

4

Chapter four

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Fracture of Tibial and fibula

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

6

1

4

11

5

Chapter Five

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Fracture of the ankle joint

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

5

1

4

10

6

Chapter Six

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Ankle joint dislocation

Lecture, Practical

/

5

1

4

10

7

Chapter Seven

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Fracture of the Metatarsal

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

5

1

4

10

8

Chapter Eight

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Fracture of the femur

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

6

1

4

11

9

Chapter Nine

Method

Media

Time allotment

 

 

 

 

L

T

P

Total

 

Osteoporosis

Lecture, Practical

whiteboard and marker, Projector, Anatomical chart, skeletal bone and human subject

5

1

2

8

 

 

 

Total

47

9

34

90


(3) Panchakarma Therapy

SN

Chapter

Method

Media

Time allotment

L

T

P

Total

1

Review basic principles and concept to selected therapeutic procedure of panchakarma.

Lecture Tutorial

Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector

4

1

-

5

2

General consideration of Panchakarma Therapy

Lecture Tutorial

Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector

7

1

-

8

3

Samprapi and general principles of cikitsa in tri-dhosas for Panchakarma Therapy

Lecture Tutorial

 

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

 

6

1

-

7

4

Review on scientific data of Panchakarma

Lecture Tutorial

 

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

 

7

1

-

8

5

Pradhana Karma (Main Cleansing Procedure)   Basti Karma (Theraprutic EnemaTherapy)

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for enema therapy

4

1

2

7

6

Niruha Basti Karma (Theraprutic decoction EnemaTherapy)

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Decoction Enema therapy

5

1

3

9

7

Anuvasana Basti Karma (Theraprutic Oily EnemaTherapy)

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Oily Enema therapy

5

1

3

9

8

Pratrapinda Sweda

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Leaves Pack therapy

 

5

1

3

9

9

Nadi Sweda

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Nadi sweda therapy

5

1

3

9

10

Upanaha Sweda

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Upanaha sweda therapy

5

1

3

9

11

External Basti Therapy (Kati Basti, Griva Basti, Janu Basti and Uro basti)

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for external Basti therapy

6

1

5

12

12

Pradhana Karma (Main Cleansing Procedure)   Raktamokshana Karma (Theraprutic Blood Letting Therapy)

Lecture Tutorial

Practical

-Class room, Whiteboard and Marker, LCD Projector.

-Massage couch, human subject, equipment for Blood letting therapy

5

1

2

8

Total

 

64

 

 

12

 

24

100


Paper 2
Acupuncture


SLO for Massotherapy
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Assimilate and locate the pressure points as stated in ancient massage poetry for miscellaneous disease and apply the massage techniques as stated in ancient massage poetry.
2. Assimilate and locate the pressure points of the various body parts for providing massotherapy and apply massotherapy for various clinical conditions of the body as stated in ancient massage poetry.
3. Assimilate the etiology and prodromal signs and symptoms of ardita (Facial palsy), Pakshagata (Hemiplegia), Kati Shula (Low Back Pain), Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Amsa Shula (Shoulder Pain), Griva shula (Neck pain), Janu Shula (Knee pain) and miscellaneous diseases to perform diagnosis
4. Perform the physical examinations for ardita (Facial palsy), Pakshagata (Hemiplegia), Kati Shula (Low Back Pain), Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Amsa Shula (Shoulder Pain), Griva shula (Neck pain), Janu Shula (Knee pain) and miscellaneous diseases.
5. Make diagnosis and prognosis based on the clinical features of ardita (Facial palsy), Pakshagata (Hemiplegia), Kati Shula (Low Back Pain), Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Amsa Shula (Shoulder Pain), Griva shula (Neck pain), Janu Shula (Knee pain) and miscellaneous diseases.
6. Assimilate the principles of treatment and provide massotherapy as well as various therapeutic procedures to ardita (Facial palsy), Pakshagata (Hemiplegia), Kati Shula (Low Back Pain), Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Amsa Shula (Shoulder Pain), Griva shula (Neck pain), Janu Shula (Knee pain) and miscellaneous diseases based on clinical features.

SLO for Fracture and Traumatology
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Describe anatomical structure oflumbar vertebrae, femur, patella, knee joint, tibia and fibula, ankle joint and metatarsal bones and apply this knowledge to diagnose.
2. Describe mechanisms of injury, associated injuries, clinical features and types and apply this knowledge to decide the severity of the trauma and diagnosis.
3. Perform history taking and examination of the lumbar vertebra, femur, patella, knee joint, tibia and fibula, ankle joint and metatarsal bones and request radiographic examination to confirm diagnosis.
4. Perform initial management for lumbar vertebra fracture, femoral neck fracture and trochanteric fracture and patella dislocation, knee pain due to osteoarthritis, fracture of tibia and fibula, fracture of ankle joint, dislocation of ankle and metatarsal bone fracture and decide appropriate treatment regimen by traditional medicine method.
5. Assimilate the etiology and clinical features of the osteoporosis, Ama vata (Rheumatic Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis) and Vata Rakta (Gout) and used this knowledge in clinical practice.
6. Decideto provide appropriate treatment regimen for osteoporosis, Ama vata (Rheumatic Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis) and Vata Rakta (Gout).
7. Observe and analyze complicated signs and symptoms as well as require referral conditions and use of referral system effectively.

SLO for Panchakarma Therapy

At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Realize and respect the ethical principles of basic principles and concept to select therapeutic procedure of Panchakarma therapy.
2. Describe about the scope of Poorva karma and Pradhana karma.
3. Acquire a sound knowledge of therapeutic effects of Panchakarma therapy and apply this knowledge to patient care.
4. Recognize to apply the Panchakarma therapy in Bahu-dosha-vastha, Madhyama- doshavas states in the patients
5. Decide to prescribe Panchakarma therapies according to Physically strong, daily Routine ,different seasons, intrivial manifestations, rasayana chikitsa, different disease, and different specialties.
6. Decide the course of Panchakarma therapy.
7. Provide appropriate treatment according to restriction period, eight major incriminaltory factors and therapeutic effect of panchakarma in general
8. Recognize the pathophysiology of Vatika diseases, Pittika diseases and kaphaja diseases.
9. Decide to prescribe general principles of treatment of vatika diseases, Pittika diseases and kaphaja diseases.
10. Assess and decide Samprapti and general principles of cikitsa in tri-doshas for panchakarma therapy.
11. Describe definition of Swedana Karma and recognize beneficial effect of Swedana Karma in clinical practice.
12. Describe the different reviews of scientific data on oleation, massage and sudation method, emesis therapy, purgation therapy and enema therapy.
13. Acquire a sound knowledge of the review on scientific data of Panchakarma therapy.
14. Define Niruha basti , Anuvasna basti, Patrapinda sweda, Nadi sweda, Upanha swed, external basti therapy (Kati vasti, Griva basti, Janu basti and Uro basti) and Rakttamokshana karma (Siravyadha and Jalaukavacharana).
15. Prescribe the required materials and drugs to perform therapeutic procedure of Niruha basti (Asthapana Basti)Anuvasna basti, Patrapinda sweda, Nadi sweda, Upanha swed, external basti therapy (Kati vasti, Griva basti, Janu basti and Uro basti) and Rakttamokshana karma (Siravyadha and Jalaukavacharana).
16. Assess and decide the symptoms of proper effects, inadequate effects, excessive effects and complication of the above therapeutic prcedures by observing the symptoms as mentioned in literature and perform appropriate post therapeutic procedures for these therapeutic procedures in Panchakarma Therapy according to Ayuredic Medicine.

SLO for Acupuncture therapy
At the end of the course of instruction, the learner should be able to:
1. Acquire a sound knowledge of basic concepts and principles of acupuncture and apply this knowledge to provide patient care.
2. Describe basic principles and concepts of yin- yang and five elements.
3. Describe the relations between yin-yang as well as five elements, their representatives, internal organs and apply these knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases.
4. Identify Zang organs, Fu organs, extra ordinary organs and their physiological activities.
5. Describe the relations between Zang organs, Fu organs, extra ordinary organs and their pathways on the body and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases by TCM concept.
6. Describe twelve primary channels according to their component parts of hand or foot, yin or yang, zang organs or fu organs and eight extra channels and their distributions in the body.
7. Differentiate between the physiological and pathological functions of channels and collaterals; apply this knowledge to provide as a guide in the treatment of diseases for various clinical specialties.
8. Identify and realize the importance of Qi, blood and body fluid in vital functions and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases by TCM concept.
9. Differentiate pathological features in the body due to each pathogenic factor such as six exogenous factors, seven emotional factors and miscellaneous factors and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases.
10. Realize methods of diagnosis by TCM and apply this knowledge to find out accurate diagnosis for various diseases and perform systematically.
11. Identify differentiation of syndromes between eight principles theory, zang- fu theory and channels and collaterals theory and apply this knowledge to provide therapeutic methods.
12. Describe methods of locating points and their measurement on the body surface and perform accurate measurement according to anatomical landmarks, proportional measurements and finger measurements.
13. Describe the distribution and therapeutic properties of the points of 14 channels and apply this knowledge to select the appropriate acupuncture points to treat various diseases.
14. Describe the distributions of lung channel, large intestine channel, stomach channel and spleen channel on the body surface and apply this knowledge to locate acupuncture points of these channels.
15. Realize the therapeutic effects of acupuncture points based on channel distributions.
16. Describe names, points numbers, indications, needling methods and regional anatomy of acupuncture points for lung channel, large intestine channel, stomach channel and spleen channel and apply this knowledge to select the appropriate acupuncture points to treat various diseases.

References
Massotherapy
မြန်မာဘာသာကျမ်း
၁။ တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာဦးစီးဌာန တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာ မွမ်းမံသင်တန်း သင်ရိုးမှတ်စု၊ အကြောပြင်နည်းသျည်း၊ မွမ်းမံ-၆ (၁၉၇၈)
၂။ အရှင်နာဂသေနဘိဝိသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်အတတ်ပညာကျမ်း၊ ကျော်ဝင်းဆွေ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်
၃။ ကျော်နိုင်(ဦး)၊ မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်အတတ်ပညာကျမ်း
အင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာကျမ်းများ
1. The massage connection Anatomy and Physiology
2. Denise Whichello Brown, Therapeutic Massage, A practical introduction (2000).
3. A uinash lele, secrets of Marma, The lost secrets of Ayurveda, 2005.
4. Harish Johari, Ancient Indian Massage, Traditional Massage Techniques Based on the Ayurveda, 2003
5. Peinciples and skills of Traditional Chinese Medicine Health Care, Reference Book for Human Resource Development Cooperation Program in the framework of china Aid, 2009.
6. Akhoury Gourange Sinha, Principles and Practice of Therapeatic Massage, 2nd Edition, 2010.
Fractures and Traumatology (TM) –
ကျမ်းကိုးစာရင်း
မြန်မာဘာသာကျမ်း
၁။ ဒေါက်တာမောင်မောင်ညိုနှင့်နန်းဉမ္မာ - ခန္ဓာဗေဒလမ်းညွှန်။
၂။ ဦးလေခင်နှင့်ဗမာရှေ့ဆောင်စာတည်းအဖွဲ့ - ခန္ဓာဗေဒကျမ်းနှင့်လူတိုင်းအတွက် ၃။ ဦးအုန်းရွှေ- သင်ရိုးညွှန်းတမ်းလက်တွေ့ကုထုံးအဖွင့်ကျမ်းကြီး
၄။ ဦးအုန်းရွှေ - လက်တွေ့အနာပေါက်ကုထုံးကျမ်း။
၅။ အရှင်နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ- ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ဒု-တွဲ၊ ပ-ကြိမ်၊ စက်တင်ဘာလ၊ ၁၉၆၇-ခု၊ မင်္ဂလာပုံနှိပ်တိုက်။
၆။ ဦးဉာဏ်ထွန်း- မြန်မာ့တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာနှင့်ကိုယ်တွေ့နှလုံးရောဂါကုထုံးကျမ်း။
၇။ ဆရာမင်း - အာယုဗ္ဗေဒသိရောမဏိ။
၈။ အရှင်နာဂသိန် - မာဓဝနိဒါန်းကျမ်း။
၉။ အရှင်နာဂသိန် - မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်အတတ်ပညာကျမ်း။
၁၀။ဆရာကျော်နိုင် - မြန်မာ့အကြောပြင်ပုံနည်းမျိုးစုံ။
၁၁။ဒေါက်တာဦးမောင်ဦး - ခွဲစိတ်သူနာပြုလက်စွဲ၊ ဒုတိယတွဲ။
၁၂။ဒေါက်ထွေး (ဆေး-မန်း) - အထွေထွေရောဂါကုနှင့် အရိုးဆစ်ရောဂါ၊ အထူးကုသမားတော်ကြီး ဒေါက်တာချစ်စိုးနှင့်တွေ့ဆုံခြင်း။
အင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာကျမ်းများ
1. Kathllen and J.W.Wilson -Anatomy and physiology in Health and Illness
2. R Kamagasuntheram -Anatomy
R Sivaradasingham -Rigional, Function and Clinical
3. A Krishramutri -Body Atlas
4. MACLEOD'S -Clinical Examination
5. Chris Servant and Shaun Purkiss -Examination Schemes in Gerneral
Surgery and Othopaedic.
6. John Cook Balu Sankaran - Surgery at the distric hospital.
Obsterics, Gynaecology, Orthopredic on Traumatology
7. R.L Huckstep - A Simple Guide to Trauma
8. Clayton R. Perry, John A.Elstrom - Handbook of Fractures
9. Baily and Love's - Shart practice of Sugery (Vol-1)
10. A Grahm Apley B.B, B.S, F.R.C.S - A System of Orthopaedics and
Fractures
11. Sir Reginal Waston-Jones - Fractures and Injuries (Vol-2)
12. I.E.Ziev - Aids the Orthopaedics Surgery
Panchakarma
၁။ တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာဦးစီးဌာန၊ တိုင်းရင်းဆေးပညာ မွမ်းမံသင်တန်း သင်ရိုးမှတ်စု အကြောပြင်နည်း နိသျည်း၊ မွမ်းမံ-၆ (၁၉၇၈)
၂။ နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိင်္ဂဓရသံဟိတာဆေးကျမ်း၊ အမျိုးသားပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၃-ခု၊ ဇူလိုင်လ။
၃။ နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ပထမတွဲ၊ မင်္ဂလာ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၉-ခု၊ မတ်လ၊ ဒုတိယအကြိမ်ရိုက်နှိပ်ခြင်း။
၄။ နာဂသေနဘိဝံသ (အရှင်)၊ သိမ်ဖြူ၊ ဆေးပညာဉပဒေသကျမ်း၊ ဒုတိယတွဲ၊ မင်္ဂလာ ပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်၊ ၁၉၆၉-ခု၊ စက်တင်ဘာလ၊ ဒုတိယအကြိမ်ရိုက်နှိပ်ခြင်း။
၅။ မင်း(ဆရာ)၊ အာယုဗ္ဗေဒ သိရောမဏိကျမ်း၊ ပြည်သူ့အလင်းပုံနှိပ်တိုက်၊ ရန်ကုန်မြို့၊ ၁၃၁၈-ခုနှစ်။
၆။ BHAGWAN DASH, VAIDYA, FIVE SPECIALISED THERAPIES OF AYURVEDA INDIA, NEW DELHI, (1992): First edition.
၇။ DEVARAI, TL.(Dr): THE PANCHAKARMA TREATMENT OF AYURVEDA. DELHI, (1998): Third esition.
၈။ KASTURE, VAIDYA, H.S.RPACTICAL PANCHAKARMA GUIDE.INDIA, NEW DELHI, (January 2001): Second edition.
၉။ RHYNER.HANS.H, AYURVEDA THE GENTILE HEALTH SYSTEM. INDIA, (1992).
၁၀။ SINGH, R.H (Prof): PANCA KARMA THERAPY. INDIA, (1992): first edition.
၁၁။VIDYANATH.R, (Dr): PANCHAKARMA. INDIA, (16.9.2000).
၁၂။Panchakarma Illustrated. (Dr.G.ShrinivasaAcharya).First Edition, 2006. Printed by A.K.Lithographer, Delhi (1050$)


Acupuncture
ကျမ်းကိုးစာရင်း

1. A Manual of ACUPUNCTURE Peter Deadman & Mazin AL.Khafaji with Kevin Baker.
2. ESSENTIALS OF CHINESE ACUPUNCTURE; First Edition 1980, Second Edition 1993.


Postgraduate
Physical Medicine (M.M.T.M)
SLO
At the end of the course, the learners should be able to:
1. implement the concept, principles and procedure of panchakarma therapy and massotherapy.
2. perform the diagnostic procedures of musculopathies, osteopathies, arthopathies and neuropathies with regards to preventive, curative, and rehabilitative aspects by traditional system of medicine.
3. perform commonly used diagnostic methods and therapeutic interventions by traditional medicine.
4. achieve indication, contraindication and management procedures of poorva karma and pradhana karma.
5. perform competently the therapeutic procedures of poorva karma and pradhana karma.
6. decide complications of therapeutic procedures of panchakarma and be able to perform appropriate treatments.
7. perform Cikitsa Yojana for chronic and complicated vata- vyadhi and sandhigata vyadhi by panchakarma therapy and massotherapy.
8. decide and implement appropriate treatments for Abhigata, Bhagna and Sandhi Mukti.
9. manage common diseases by massotherapy competently.
10. correlate some procedures of physiotherapy and rehabilitation that are relevant to the needs of traditional medicine practitioners.
11. describe alternative medical system (naturopathy, homeopathy, Ayurveda, and TCM)
12. evaluate mind-body interaction (meditation,. mental healing)
13. analyze biologically based therapies such as herbal medicine, nutritional medicine
14. manipulate the body-based therapies such as osteopathy, chiropractic, massage
15. manipulate energy therapies such as gi gong (qi gong), reiki (yoga), therapeutic touch
16. achieve knowledge of safety, evidence and regulation of acupuncture, herbal medicine, and manual therapies
17. integrate the knowledge of alternative medicine in health care services
18. develop attitude regarding the importance of reinforcement of traditional medicine from other countries to Myanmar traditional medicine
19. broaden the scope of Myanmar traditional medicine by applying alternative medicine
20. achieve knowledge of advanced TCM theory, principle and concept for the treatment with acupuncture
21. perform competently acupuncture treatments for common diseases
22. apply the acupuncture with TCM method in approaching and solving clinical problems
23. perform certain aspects of TCM in clinical examination
24. relate the acupuncture and Myanmar traditional medicine
25. develop attitude in essential habits of self-study through critical thinking and evaluation of international research on acupuncture
26. perform acupuncture treatment technique
27. describe acupuncture points and their functions according to theory and principles
28. perform how to locate and insert acupoints systematically

Course and Duration
First Year (M.M.T.M) Course
Period of Study - One academic Year
Total teaching hours - 250 hours

Second Year (M.M.T.M) Course
Period of Study - One academic Year
Total teaching hours - 200 hours

Master candidate Assessment (First Year)
1. Summative assessment 100%
2. Pass marks 60%
3. Distinction marks 80%

Master candidate Assessment (Second Year)
1. Summative assessment 100%
2. Clinical Competency 100%
3. Pass marks 60%
4. Distinction marks 80%

Monthly and Future Plan
-Supervise post-graduate students for case presentation, clinical meeting and dissertation
-Post graduate Dip.TM. (Massotherapy Course)
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